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Продукти

Here you can download the products of the LBB project.  Below you will find more information about these products, and how to use them.

For information on the LBB Train the Trainer Programme - Multilingualism in Prison: Teaching Languages Behind Bars - click here.


Overview of LBB Products

The LBB tools consist of a workbook, a series of illustrated flashcards, visual dialogue builders and an ICT-based audio practice tool.  The project also developed a correspondence programme for promoting cooperation between different prisons, given inmates the chance to practice asking and answering questions.  Lastly the project produced an assessment tool for the certification of communication competences.  Originally this was intended for prison staff, but an adapted version was created for use with prisoner learners, giving teachers and trainers the possibility to assess and certify competences developed by prisoners, should this be desirable. 


Workbook

The workbook – similar to a conventional language learning ‘textbook’ – is a set of learning units designed to meet the communication needs in a prison context.  Ranging from giving personal information and talking about nationalities to giving and understanding prison-specific instructions and discussing rights and obligations in prison, this workbook can be used by both prisoners and staff looking to improve their ability to communicate with other people in prison.  

The structure of the book enables its use both in classroom and training settings, but also for private learning.  Learners are encouraged to use the book to note down translations in their own language, to keep a record of words and phrases for practical reference. 

The workbook doesn’t only emphasise functional language, but exposes learners to a culture of positive interaction.  Dialogues between prisoners, detainees and staff are based around the conventions of polite conversation where terms such as “excuse me”, “please” and “thank you” are common practice.  Not only does this promote politeness and respect amongst prisoners and detainees when interacting with prison staff, but evidence from the piloting of the programme indicated very strongly that staff using polite terminology in the native languages of the prisoners and detainees with whom they are talking has a profound impact on the subsequent level of respect and cooperation.

Teachers and trainers can choose to observe the structure of the book, however there is no requirement to do so.  Teachers and trainers can select individual sections and activities within the workbook to support and complement their existing educational programmes.  In this way, the LBB materials needn’t replace existing tools and programmes, but can help to provide context and specific content to teachers’ and trainers’ own portfolio of materials.

 


Flashcards

Imagery is hugely important in learning languages in prison settings, and is as useful for prisoners and detainees as for prison staff.  An extensive set of flashcards can be used in training sessions, but can also be equally useful in practice; when communicating specific things in a prison setting without linguistic resources, imagery can help get messages across and reduce misunderstandings and the tension in communication.

A total of 125 flashcard images can be used to represent objects, people, activities or instructions across a diverse range of topics. 


Visual Dialogue Builders

The workbook itself is illustrated through various comic-strip style dialogues, showing visually the interaction between prisoners, detainees and various types of staff.  

All of these individual comic frames are reproduced without dialogue, allowing an infinite number of individualised dialogues to be created and practiced.  This affords a huge amount of flexibility and creativity to adapt teaching and training to the unique institutional context.  These are made available in full-colour printable A4 format for teachers and trainers to print, cut up and integrate into their teaching resources.

The words, instructions and phrases are also made available through a digital platform, where prison staff, inmates and detainees can proceed through a rich series of language acquisition activities, developed to help build up phrases word by word, with audio support to hear how the words and phrases should sound in the target language.  Available currently through an online platform, the tool is suitable to the growing number of institutions offering restricted internet access, whilst also serving the needs of prison staff who can set aside time to listen to the material.

The tool allows the user to focus on hearing single words, for example objects in the cell, which are presented in two languages, along with a picture of the item, but it also helps the user to acquire full phrases – the most important phrases they need in the prison context – by gradually exposing the user to the smaller components of the phrase, building up to a full phrase, along with appropriate question forms, and both its positive and negative constructions. 

This repetition of words and phrases as they increase in complexity will help users with both visual and audio learning styles, whilst a series of additional practice activities are suitable for those with a range of different learning styles.


Guide for Trainers

Based on the experiences of the piloting, and relating to the content of the Train the Trainer Programme, a guidebook for trainers was created.  It is 24 pages long and introduces the trainer to all the main organisational, methodological and practical issues concerning the use of LBB tools.


Assessment and Certification

It was originally planned to make the course for staff accredited.  However, given that each prison will have different needs and different working contexts it is inappropriate to develop any universal evaluation system for either prisoner learners or staff. 

However, basing our planning on the needs and requirements of the prisons themselves, it was decided to develop a more flexible, internal assessment and certification system that could enable teachers and trainers, along with prison managers, to specify specific learning criteria that they wish to pursue within the unique context of their institution, and to use this as the basis for certifying the staff, and monitoring the progress of their communication competence development.  To this end, the LBB project developed an adaptable evaluation system for both target groups.  It gives teachers and trainers the possibility to set (in collaboration with prison staff and management) the specific functional competences required.

Using the Excel spreadsheet template under each unit of the course, the teacher or trainer can use the following form to list the intended learning outcomes.  From these learning outcomes, the teacher or trainer can identify which are relevant for each individual learner by putting an X into the corresponding cell in the blue column.  In the grey columns, the teacher or trainer can type in an X in each line, according to the extent to which the skill has been fulfilled.

In addition to the unit-pages there is an assessment card, in which all data is collected from the unit pages, is calculated and presented in the form of an assessment overview and certificate.


LBBx

To maximise the growth and adaptability of the LBB materials, the following has been created as part of the project:

  • LBBx is a spreadsheet-based document which codifies all of the text written in the workbook.  On the basis of LBBx (which is currently only done in English, but which can very quickly be produced in the other language versions of the project), each chunk of text can be translated into further languages.
  • For production of new LBB materials, please contact die Berater for more information.